Liberty Review América Latina

Sentimiento Moral y Razón: La Noción de Justicia en Adam Smith y Amartya Sen

AUGUSTO ALEÁN PICO
CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA 33.63 (2014): 359-379

Amartya Sen plantea que su noción de justicia tiene como antecedente el pensamiento de Adam Smith. Sen usa de una manera particular los conceptos de la simpatía y del espectador imparcial para elaborar su noción de justicia. Más allá de la afirmación de Sen, estamos interesados en indagar si la noción de justicia de Smith es compatible con la que propone Sen. El principal hallazgo es que hay diferencias significativas entre las teorías y, por tanto, no son compatibles. Smith enfatizó la importancia del juicio moral basado en el sentimiento. Por el contrario, Amartya Sen enfatiza la necesidad de utilizar la razón y el debate público como elementos claves de una teoría de la justicia.

Filed under: Economía, Filosofía

Libertad y Orden en la Filosofía Política Kantiana. Acerca de los Límites del Uso Público de la Razón en El Conflicto de las Facultades

ILEANA BEADE
ISEGORÍA. REVISTA DE FILOSOFÍA MORAL Y POLÍTICA 50 (2014): 371-392

En este trabajo proponemos examinar una doble exigencia formulada por Kant en El Conflicto de las Facultades –a saber, la exigencia de libertad y la exigencia del orden–, a fin de señalar la premisa básica subyacente a dicha exigencia, esto es:  la idea de que el orden público constituye la condición fundamental para la preservación del estado civil, entendido como el único estado en el que los hombres pueden ejercer plenamente su derecho innato a la libertad. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Filosofía, Teoría Política, Uncategorized

The Effect of Coca and FDI on the Level of Corruption in Bolivia

ANTONIO BOJANIC
LATIN AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW 23.11 (2014)

This paper estimates the impact that FDI inflows and the price of coca leaves have on the level of corruption in Bolivia. The findings reveal that a less controlled, more permissive market for coca leaves actually reduces the level of corruption in the country, supporting the hypothesis that the way to a less corrupt Bolivia is by lowering government intervention into this controversial market.

Filed under: Ciencia Política, Derecho, Economía

The Distributive Politics of Enforcement

ALISHA C. HOLLAND
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF POLITICAL SCIENCE (MAY 2014) DOI: 10.1111/ajps.12125

Abstract: Why do some politicians tolerate the violation of the law? In contexts where the poor are the primary violators of property laws, I argue that the answer lies in the electoral costs of enforcement: Enforcement can decrease support from poor voters even while it generates support among nonpoor voters. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Ciencia Política

Informality and Development

RAFAEL LA PORTA, ANDREI SHLEIFER
NBER WORKING PAPER No. 20205 (JUNE 2014)

Abstract: We establish five facts about the informal economy in developing countries. First, it is huge, reaching about half of the total in the poorest countries. Second, it has extremely low productivity compared to the formal economy: informal firms are typically small, inefficient, and run by poorly educated entrepreneurs. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Ciencia Política, Derecho, Economía

Taxing with Dictators and Democrats: Regime Effects, Transfers and Revenue in Argentina’s Provinces

MELISSA ZIEGLER ROGERS
JOURNAL OF POLITICS IN LATIN AMERICA 6.1 (2014): 3-44

Abstract: Political institutions strongly influence incentives to tax. In this article, I examine differences across national regimes in provincial taxation in Argentina from 1959–2001 and compare them to sub-national regimes under national democracy. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Ciencia Política, Economía

América Latina Archive

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Mark Twain and Economy

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Theories of justice often fixate on purely normative, abstract principles unrelated to real-world situations. The philosopher and theorist Axel Honneth addresses this disconnect, and constructs a theory of justice derived from the normative claims of Western liberal-democratic societies and anchored in morally legitimate laws and institutionally established practices.

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