Liberty Review América Latina

Colonial Origins of Inequality in Hispanic America? Some Reflections Based on New Empirical Evidence

RAFAEL DOBADO GONZÁLEZ, HÉCTOR GARCÍA MONTERO
REVISTA  DE HISTORIA ECONÓMICA / JOURNAL OF IBERIAN AND LATIN AMERICAN ECONOMIC HISTORY 28 (2010): 253-277

This paper attempts to contribute to the ongoing debate on the historical roots of the high economic inequality of contemporary Iberian America. The authors’ approach, which is basically empirical, departs from the mainstream scholarship. They show new data on wages and heights in several viceroyalties that (1) suggest relatively medium-to-high levels of material welfare among the commoners in Bourbon Hispanic America; and (2) allow them to build indexes of economic inequality. The authors claim that an international comparison of those indexes casts some doubts on the widely accepted view that Viceroyal America’s economy was exclusively based on extremely unequal or extractive institutions, as it has been popularized by the influential works by Engerman and Sokoloff and Acemoglu et al.

 


								

Filed under: Ciencia Política, Historia

Lucas Alamán y la Constitución

JOSÉ ANTONIO AGUILAR
ISONOMÍA. REVISTA DE TEORÍA Y FILOSOFÍA DEL DERECHO  33 (2010): 83-112

Este artículo ilustra la excepcionalidad de la obra Examen imparcial de la administración Bustamante, cuyo autor, Lucas Alamán, ha sido considerado como un conservador reaccionario. En la primera parte del artículo se examinan los argumentos teóricos de Alamán sobre cuatro aspectos institucionales: la separación de poderes, los poderes de emergencia, las atribuciones del Congreso y la naturaleza de la representación. El artículo argumenta que la filiación de estas ideas no son conservadoras, sino que se insertan dentro de la teoría constitucional liberal. En la segunda parte del artículo, se cuestiona el peso de la influencia ideológica del conservador británico Edmund Burke sobre Alamán. Finalmente, se sugiere que Alamán en su primera fase como estadista era un liberal conservador.

 


								

Filed under: Derecho, Filosofía, Historia

Free Association and Civil Society in Cuba, 1787-1895

ALFONSO W. QUIROZ
JOURNAL OF LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES 43. 1 (2010): 33-64

This study provides a new perspective on civil society in Cuba during the nineteenth century based on concrete information about multiple types of association in different regions of the island. It is shown that modern associations developed mainly to meet specific social and cultural needs, achieve legal autonomy from the state and exercise free association despite colonial constraints. This long-term evolution covers several periods of intersections between civil society and political spheres, framed primarily by non-violent constitutionalist and reformist struggles rather than armed separatist conflicts. These findings contradict prevalent interpretations that portray an endemically weak yet increasingly militant civil society. Instead, it is argued that a growing, moderate, and progressively autonomous and diverse civil society contributed gradually to undermine colonial despotism and establish key bases for post-independence democracy.

 

Filed under: Historia

La No Neutralidad del Dinero en el Largo Plazo. Un Debate entre Chicago y Viena

ADRIÁN O. RAVIER
CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA 29.52 (2010): 1-19

Existen numerosos consensos entre los economistas de Chicago y Viena en lo que concierne a la comprensión del funcionamiento de los mercados y las políticas públicas, y en el rechazo al intervencionismo, el socialismo y el totalitarismo. Sin embargo, en lo referente a temas macroeconómicos, y en particular a la política monetaria y a la neutralidad o no neutralidad de sus efectos en el largo plazo, aparecen diferencias sustanciales. Este artículo repasa el debate entre estas dos escuelas de pensamiento, tomando como base una crítica que el Dr. Humphrey elaboró en 1984. El autor sostienen que la relevancia de discutir este trabajo, veinticinco años después de su publicación, consiste en retomar un debate que permaneció olvidado desde entonces.

 


								

Filed under: Economía

El Enemigo de la Metafísica Revolucionaria: Edmund Burke, entre el Liberalismo y el Tradicionalismo

ANTONIO RIVERA GARCÍA
REVISTA DE ESTUDIOS POLÍTICOS  150 (2010): 111-141

Este artículo aborda el complejo pensamiento político de Burke. El autor sostiene que, por un lado, se trata de un whig que defiende algunos de los principios fundamentales que serán desarrollados por el liberalismo decimonónico. Por otro, su crítica de la Revolución francesa y de sus principales agentes, así como su exaltación de la Constitución tradicional, proporciona una buena parte de los argumentos que después se encuentran en los conservadores y contra-revolucionarios. El artículo sostiene asimismo que, entre la extensa bibliografía burkeana, siguen siendo imprescindibles los clásicos trabajos de Leo Strauss, a quien se lo considera insuperable para conocer la hostilidad de Burke hacia la teoría de Pocock, quien mejor ha tratado su vinculación y diferencias con la escuela escocesa, y Meinecke, a quien se lo considera fundamental para valorar el supuesto tradicionalismo e historicismo del británico.

 


								

Filed under: Filosofía

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