Liberty Review América Latina

El Argumento contra la Suerte Moral: Articulación y Respuesta

SERGI ROSELL
CRÍTICA. REVISTA HISPANOAMERICANA DE FILOSOFÍA 130 (2012):  3-33

En la primera parte del artículo se reconstruye detalladamente el argumento global contra la suerte moral en todos sus tipos, distinguiendo dos estrategias principales (moderada y radical). A continuación se defiende que ninguna de ellas es sostenible, pues si la primera resulta insuficiente, la segunda es impráctica y finalmente incoherente. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Filosofía

The Inextricable Link Between Sovereign Debt and Pensions in Argentina, 1993-2010

GISELLE DATZ
LATIN AMERICAN POLITICS AND SOCIETY 54.1 (2012): 101-126

Established with the reform of 1993, Argentina’s private pension funds became crucial sources of credit for the national government. They purchased large amounts of sovereign bonds defaulted on in 2001 and hence were key to the success of the debt restructuring of 2005. The private pillar was always vulnerable to political maneuvering; the nationalization of private pension funds in 2008 was only the last stage in an iterated process of state intervention, a function of public debt dynamics. This article argues that the financial pressures associated with Argentina’s sovereign debt burden systematically shortened the temporality of pension policy decisions, taking those away from long-term concerns about the stability of the social security system and toward the immediacy of debt-financing imperatives. Therefore, the politics of pension reform reversal in Argentina were determined by the increasinglystrong and inextricable link between debt and pensions.

 

Filed under: Ciencia Política, Economía

Attitudes, Ideological Associations and the Left-Right Divide in Latin America

NINA WIESEHOMEIER AND DAVID DOYLE
JOURNAL OF POLITICS IN LATIN AMERICA 4.1 (2012): 3-33

Politics across Latin America is frequently characterized as clientelistic and dominated by appeals to mass patronage. Utilizing a core distinction between left and right that is predicated upon differing attitudes towards equality, the analysis in this paper demonstrates that, taken as a whole, the Latin American electorate form distinct ideological groups, which share common convictions regarding the responsibility of the state to level the playing field and its role in the national economy. The results from the article’s joint correspondence analyses show that theoretical conceptions about the roots of, and responsibility for, inequality in society, together with the practical translation of these beliefs into economic policy, clearly distinguish those on the right from those on the left. Furthermore, the central dimensions emerging from these analyses –differing attitudes towards equality and the state versus market divide – are pre-eminent predictors of the left–right placement of respondents.

 

Filed under: Ciencia Política

La Economía Política de la Distribución Federal de Obra Pública en Argentina

LUCAS GONZÁLES, IGNACIO MAMONE
DESARROLLO ECONÓMICO 201 (2011): 59-80

Este trabajo estudia los factores políticos y económicos que afectan la distribución federal de obra pública entre las provincias de Argentina. El foco de la investigación es la obra pública, por tratarse de fondos de alto impacto redistributivo y sobre los cuales el gobierno tiene poder discrecional. Utilizando datos originales para los 24 distritos entre 1993 y 2009, este artículo explica la distribución regional de obra pública a partir de los incentivos políticos que enfrentan los presidentes para formar y mantener coaliciones electorales y mayorías legislativas. Demostramos que estos factores son más relevantes que los factores programáticos asociados a criterios de equidad o eficiencia. Los datos muestran que ni el poder legislativo ni la sobrerrepresentación influyen decisivamente en la distribución de los fondos, contrariamente a lo que identifican algunos estudios sobre los Estados Unidos y la Unión Europea, respectivamente. Nuestro principal argumento es que los presidentes en Argentina tienden a ser económicamente ineficientes, socialmente regresivos y políticamente conservadores al momento de distribuir obra pública. El impacto redistributivo en distritos pobres sólo es significativo cuando ellos son socios políticos fundamentales y representan una inversión política segura para el presidente. Discutimos las implicancias de nuestros hallazgos para el debate comparado.

 


								

Filed under: Ciencia Política, Economía

Diálogo y Conflicto. La Crítica de Carl Schmitt al Liberalismo

JOSÉ LUIS LÓPEZ DE LIZAGA
DIÁNOIA. REVISTA DE FILOSOFÍA 68 (2012): 113-140

Este artículo analiza y critica los argumentos de Carl Schmitt contra la democracia liberal, y pone en cuestión su aprovechamiento por parte del pensamiento progresista contemporáneo. Primero se examina la conexión conceptual de la concepción schmittiana de lo político con la transformación del Estado liberal en el Estado totalitario. Luego se cuestiona el supuesto filosófico que subyace en la crítica de Schmitt al liberalismo: la tesis de la imposibilidad de alcanzar soluciones racionales y pacíficas a los conflictos políticos. Se analizan en este contexto los dos recursos deliberativos más importantes de que dispone el liberalismo para abordar los conflictos políticos: los acuerdos y los compromisos de intereses. Por último, el artículo concluye con algunas reflexiones sobre el significado político del “neoschmittianismo”contemporáneo.

 


								

Filed under: Filosofía

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