Liberty Review América Latina

Finding Eldorado: Slavery and Long-run Development in Colombia

DARON ACEMOGLU, CAMILO GARCIA-JIMENO, JAMES A. ROBINSON
NBER WORKING PAPER NO. 18177 (2012)

Slavery has been a major institution of labor coercion throughout history. Colonial societies used slavery intensively across the Americas, and slavery remained prevalent in most countries after independence from the European powers. We investigate the impact of slavery on long-run development in Colombia. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Ciencia Política, Economía, Historia

Federalism and Taxation in the Sovereign State of Panama, 1850-1886

SALOMÓN KALMANOVITZ
REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA INSTITUCIONAL 27.2 (2012)

The economic history of Panama during the 19th century is generaly unknown in Colombia and its financial accounts present a puzzle which is difficult to unravel. This investigation contributes to the elucidation of both problems; taking into account demography, geography and fiscal accounts as they appear in the budges of the State of Panama. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Ciencia Política, Economía, Historia

The Popularization of Political Economy in Spain and Latin America Through Encyclopedias (1887-1930)

JESÚS ASTIGARRAGA, JUAN ZABALZA
JOURNAL OF THE HISTORY OF ECONOMIC THOUGHT 34.2 (2012): 219-242

The article analyzes the economic entries of the main Spanish general encyclopedias of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries: Diccionario enciclopédico (1887–1898) and Enciclopedia universal (1908–1930). Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Economía, Historia

I Want It All, and I Want It Now: The Political Manipulation of Argentina’s Provincial High Courts

ANDREA CASTAGNOLA
JOURNAL OF POLITICS IN LATIN AMERICA 4.2 (2012): 39-62

Provincial supreme courts are important players in local politics because justices can affect the interest of the ruling governors; however, no research has addressed the factors that affect judicial turnover in provincial high courts in new democracies. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Ciencia Política, Derecho

Foreign Direct Investment and Home-Country Political Risk: The Case of Brazil

SANDRA AGUIAR, LUÍS AGUIAR-CONRARIA, MOHAMED AZZIM GULAMHUSSEN, PEDRO C. MAGALHÃES
LATIN AMERICAN RESEARCH REVIEW 47.2 (2012): 144-165

This article looks into the factors that explain foreign direct investment (FDI) in Brazil by country of origin. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Ciencia Política, Economía

Conservadurismo Británico Contemporáneo: John Gray y la Teoría Política del Modus Vivendi

JORGE DEL PALACIO MARTÍN
ISEGORÍA 47 (2012): 601-614

John N. Gray es uno de los teóricos políticos más relevantes del panorama intelectual contemporáneo. Este trabajo ofrece una síntesis de su pensamiento, entendido como teoría política del modus vivendi. Se sostiene aquí que el pensamiento político de John Gray es un tipo de liberalismo congruente con los principios de la tradición del conservadurismo británico. En concreto, el artículo defenderá esta vinculación atendiendo al marcado carácter anti-racionalista y escéptico de su pensamiento, elementos que lo alejan de cualquier concepción universalista del liberalismo.

 

Filed under: Filosofía

América Latina Archive

Recent Posts: Liberty Review

The ethics of pure entrepreneurship: An Austrian economics perspective

THE REVIEW OF AUSTRIAN ECONOMICS ISRAEL M. KIRZNER Abstract: This paper focuses on the justice of income distribution in a system of private property rights. Milton Friedman argued that the “ethical principle that would directly justify the distribution of income in a free society is ‘to each according to what he and the instruments he owns […]

A short history of constitutional liberalism in America

CONSTITUTIONAL POLITICAL ECONOMY ROGER D. CONGLETON Abstract: American liberalism emerged before the most famous European liberal intellectuals put their pens to paper. It was grounded partly on liberal ideas that were in the air before those works were written, but mostly on the attractive communities generated by liberal institutions and policies. American liberalism is empirically, rather […]

Barriers to prosperity: the harmful impact of entry regulations on income inequality

DUSTIN CHAMBERS, PATRICK A. MCLAUGHLIN, LAURA STANLEY PUBLIC CHOICE Abstract: Entry regulations, including fees, permits and licenses, can make it prohibitively difficult for low-income individuals to establish footholds in many industries, even at the entry-level. As such, these regulations increase income inequality by either preventing access to higher paying professions or imposing costs on individuals choosing […]

Individualism, Collectivism, and Trade

AIDIN HAJIKHAMENEH, ERIK O. KIMBROUGH EXPERIMENTAL ECONOMICS Abstract: While economists recognize the important role of formal institutions in the promotion of trade, there is increasing agreement that institutions are typically endogenous to culture, making it difficult to disentangle their separate contributions. Lab experiments that assign institutions exogenously and measure and control individual cultural characteristics can allow […]

Trust, Trade and Moral Progress: How Market Exchange Promotes Trustworthiness

JONATHAN ANOMALY SOCIAL PHILOSOPHY AND POLICY, Volume 34, Issue 2 Abstract: Trust is important for a variety of social relationships. Trust facilitates trade, which increases prosperity and induces us to interact with people of different backgrounds on terms that benefit all parties. Trade promotes trustworthiness, which enables us to form meaningful as well as mutually beneficial […]

Socialized View of Man vs. Rational Choice Theory: What Does Smith’s Sympathy Have to Say?

JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC BEHAVIOR & ORGANIZATION ELIAS L. KHALIL Abstract: To explain the anomaly of cooperation in finitely repeated games, some economists advance a socialized view of man as an antidote to rational choice theory. This paper confronts these economists insofar as they trace the socialized view to Smith’s theory of sympathy in The Theory of Moral […]

Ludwig Lachmann’s peculiar status within Austrian economics

VIRGIL HENRY STORR THE REVIEW OF AUSTRIAN ECONOMICS Abstract: Lachmann occupies a strange position within modern Austrian economics. He is viewed as something of an outsider and his views are often regarded as outside the mainline of modern Austrian thought. But, on several key issues – especially subjectivism and institutions – Lachmann’s positions are the dominant […]

‘A Burthen Too Heavy For Humane Sufferance’: Locke on Reputation

STUART-BUTTLE, T. HISTORY OF POLITICAL THOUGHT, Volume 38, Number 4 Abstract: Locke emphasized that a concern for reputation powerfully shaped the individual’s conduct. Most scholarship suggests that Locke portrayed this phenomenon in negative terms. This article complicates this picture. A concern for reputation served a constructive role in Locke’s theory of social development, which offered a […]

About Liberty Review

Liberty Review summaries are selected by Liberty Fund Fellows on the basis both of their own research interests and of their relevance for Liberty Fund's mission: to contribute to the preservation and development of individual liberty through research and educational activities.

Print Issues

Liberty Matters

Our Books

Liberty Fund, Inc.

Liberty Fund, Inc. is a private, educational foundation established to encourage the study of the ideal of a society of free and responsible individuals. The Foundation develops, supervises, and finances its own educational activities.