Liberty Review América Latina

The Effect of Coca and FDI on the Level of Corruption in Bolivia

ANTONIO BOJANIC
LATIN AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW 23.11 (2014)

This paper estimates the impact that FDI inflows and the price of coca leaves have on the level of corruption in Bolivia. The findings reveal that a less controlled, more permissive market for coca leaves actually reduces the level of corruption in the country, supporting the hypothesis that the way to a less corrupt Bolivia is by lowering government intervention into this controversial market.

Filed under: Ciencia Política, Derecho, Economía

Informality and Development

RAFAEL LA PORTA, ANDREI SHLEIFER
NBER WORKING PAPER No. 20205 (JUNE 2014)

Abstract: We establish five facts about the informal economy in developing countries. First, it is huge, reaching about half of the total in the poorest countries. Second, it has extremely low productivity compared to the formal economy: informal firms are typically small, inefficient, and run by poorly educated entrepreneurs. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Ciencia Política, Derecho, Economía

I Want It All, and I Want It Now: The Political Manipulation of Argentina’s Provincial High Courts

ANDREA CASTAGNOLA
JOURNAL OF POLITICS IN LATIN AMERICA 4.2 (2012): 39-62

Provincial supreme courts are important players in local politics because justices can affect the interest of the ruling governors; however, no research has addressed the factors that affect judicial turnover in provincial high courts in new democracies. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Ciencia Política, Derecho

Medios y Consecuencias Necesarias. Observaciones Acerca de la Responsabilidad Penal y la Doctrina del Doble Efecto

MARÍA LAURA MANRIQUE
CRÍTICA. REVISTA HISPANOAMERICANA DE FILOSOFÍA 131 (2012): 3-26

Este trabajo insiste en la utilidad de la distinción entre medios y consecuencias en la atribución de responsabilidad penal. La estrategia argumental se basa en algunas de las principales intuiciones de la doctrina del doble efecto. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Derecho, Filosofía

Constitucionalismo de los Antiguos y de los Modernos. Constitución y “Estado de Excepción”

MASSIMO LA TORRE
RES PUBLICA 23 (2010): 17-35

El autor propone una nueva distinción entre constitucionalismo de los antiguos y de los modernos. El primero, aunque sobre todo se desarrolla en la época premoderna, sigue vigente en la modernidad, sobre todo allí donde se considera que el Estado preexiste a la constitución y tiene un rango superior a ella. Por el contrario, el constitucionalismo de los modernos aspira a que el Estado y el derecho sean el resultado del poder constituyente del pueblo, es decir, sean producidos por los propios ciudadanos. La situación jurídica de emergencia pública o de estado de excepción es donde mejor se percibe la diferencia entre estos dos tipos de constitucionalismo. El autor mantiene que el neo-constitucionalismo de los modernos ha sido capaz de oponerse a la unión de soberanía y excepción, y que por ello puede afirmar derechos humanos inalienables. Acaba el artículo refiriéndose a la principal implicación que tiene todo ello para el concepto de derecho: el derecho es algo más que la organización de la fuerza y la violencia.

 


								

Filed under: Derecho, Filosofía

Inseguridad Jurídica en la Argentina: El Conflicto Entre los Principios Económicos y las Doctrinas Jurídicas

 
MARTÍN KRAUSE
REVISTA DE INSTITUCIONES, IDEAS Y MERCADOS 52 (2010): 89-124

Un elemeno esencial de buen desempeño económico es la vigencia del derecho y la seguridad jurídica. La baja calidad institucional que ocasiona la inseguridad jurídica tiene un fuerte impacto en la economía, principalmente a través de una reducción de las inversiones. Como lo demuestra el caso argentino, la inseguridad jurídica puede ser afectada tanto por el número de normas jurídicas como por su calidad. En este trabajo Krause analiza algunas normas y fallos judiciales en la Argentina relacionados con la emergencia económica, el valor de la moneda, las tasas de interés, el contenido de los contratos y las relaciones laborales. Sostienen que esas normas han contribuido a consolidar una marcada inseguridad jurídica que tiene o ha tenido un efecto negativo sobre el funcionamiento de la economía.

 


								

Filed under: Ciencia Política, Derecho, Economía

América Latina Archive

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