Liberty Review América Latina

Lay Patronage and the Development of Ecclesiastical Property in Spanish America: The Case of Buenos Aires, 1700–1900

ROBERTO DI STEFANO
HISPANIC AMERICAN HISTORICAL REVIEW 93.1 (2013): 67-98

Beginning with the dissolution of colonial Christendom, the development of church property has been closely tied to processes of secularization in Latin American countries. This process is to be understood not as the marginalization of religion but as the restructuring of religious matters in modern societies. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Historia, Religión

La Ciudadanía Política del Liberalismo: Límites y Alcances de un Proyecto Político Modernizador

ELÍAS GÓMEZ CONTERAS
CIENCIA POLÍTICA 11 (2011): 82-100

El período del federalismo en Colombia abarcó cerca de un cuarto de siglo y estuvo acompañado por un conjunto de reformas económicas, políticas y sociales orientadas por el liberalismo e implementadas desde el Estado, cuyo objetivo fundamental estuvo encaminado a superar las condiciones que le impedían al país alcanzar el desarrollo económico y la modernidad política. Parte de las reformas emprendidas estuvieron orientas a generar una mayor apertura de la economía al mercado internacional y a reducir el poder de la Iglesia Católica en los distintos ámbitos de la vida nacional. En su ideal de alcanzar la modernidad política, el liberalismo se preocupó por promover también la construcción de una sociedad secular, liberal e ilustrada, que garantizará los objetivos fundamentales propuestos y se convirtiera en garante de la defensa y continuidad del proyecto liberal. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar las vicisitudes del proyecto político modernizador del liberalismo, que tuvo como eje central la construcción de ciudadanos durante el radicalismo liberal. Si bien la ciudadanía se fue construyendo desde los marcos legales y las iniciativas del gobierno, fueron fundamentales también las ideas y los intereses de otros actores sociales involucrados como la Iglesia y los partidos políticos, así como la apropiación, el uso o el rechazo que establecieron, frente al proyecto modernizador, los distintos actores sociales.


								

Filed under: Filosofía, Historia, Religión, Sociedad

El Gobierno y las Libertades: La Ruta del Liberalismo Chileno en el Siglo XIX

IVAN JAKSIC, SOL SERRANO
ESTUDIOS PÚBLICOS 118 (2010): 69-105

En este ensayo se bosquejan los grandes hitos del pensamiento y la acción política liberal en Chile durante el siglo XIX. Los autores subrayan que el fuerte énfasis en la división de los poderes del Estado y la progresiva erosión de las facultades del Ejecutivo conllevó una ampliación de las libertades tradicionalmente asociadas con el liberalismo: los derechos individuales, la libertad de asociación, la libertad de imprenta, la ampliación del sufragio y del electorado, la libertad de enseñanza y la tolerancia religiosa. A su vez, se hace hincapié en lo que hay de liberal en el pensamiento y en la acción política conservadora. Así, se propone que existía un mayor consenso intelectual y político de lo que permite la historiografía en torno al debate público y a las reformas del sistema político. Finalmente, se destaca el papel que tuvo el conflicto religioso en perfilar los rasgos distintivos del liberalismo chileno.

 

Filed under: Derecho, Educación, Filosofía, Historia, Religión

América Latina Archive

Recent Posts: Liberty Review

The ethics of pure entrepreneurship: An Austrian economics perspective

THE REVIEW OF AUSTRIAN ECONOMICS ISRAEL M. KIRZNER Abstract: This paper focuses on the justice of income distribution in a system of private property rights. Milton Friedman argued that the “ethical principle that would directly justify the distribution of income in a free society is ‘to each according to what he and the instruments he owns […]

A short history of constitutional liberalism in America

CONSTITUTIONAL POLITICAL ECONOMY ROGER D. CONGLETON Abstract: American liberalism emerged before the most famous European liberal intellectuals put their pens to paper. It was grounded partly on liberal ideas that were in the air before those works were written, but mostly on the attractive communities generated by liberal institutions and policies. American liberalism is empirically, rather […]

Barriers to prosperity: the harmful impact of entry regulations on income inequality

DUSTIN CHAMBERS, PATRICK A. MCLAUGHLIN, LAURA STANLEY PUBLIC CHOICE Abstract: Entry regulations, including fees, permits and licenses, can make it prohibitively difficult for low-income individuals to establish footholds in many industries, even at the entry-level. As such, these regulations increase income inequality by either preventing access to higher paying professions or imposing costs on individuals choosing […]

Individualism, Collectivism, and Trade

AIDIN HAJIKHAMENEH, ERIK O. KIMBROUGH EXPERIMENTAL ECONOMICS Abstract: While economists recognize the important role of formal institutions in the promotion of trade, there is increasing agreement that institutions are typically endogenous to culture, making it difficult to disentangle their separate contributions. Lab experiments that assign institutions exogenously and measure and control individual cultural characteristics can allow […]

Trust, Trade and Moral Progress: How Market Exchange Promotes Trustworthiness

JONATHAN ANOMALY SOCIAL PHILOSOPHY AND POLICY, Volume 34, Issue 2 Abstract: Trust is important for a variety of social relationships. Trust facilitates trade, which increases prosperity and induces us to interact with people of different backgrounds on terms that benefit all parties. Trade promotes trustworthiness, which enables us to form meaningful as well as mutually beneficial […]

Socialized View of Man vs. Rational Choice Theory: What Does Smith’s Sympathy Have to Say?

JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC BEHAVIOR & ORGANIZATION ELIAS L. KHALIL Abstract: To explain the anomaly of cooperation in finitely repeated games, some economists advance a socialized view of man as an antidote to rational choice theory. This paper confronts these economists insofar as they trace the socialized view to Smith’s theory of sympathy in The Theory of Moral […]

Ludwig Lachmann’s peculiar status within Austrian economics

VIRGIL HENRY STORR THE REVIEW OF AUSTRIAN ECONOMICS Abstract: Lachmann occupies a strange position within modern Austrian economics. He is viewed as something of an outsider and his views are often regarded as outside the mainline of modern Austrian thought. But, on several key issues – especially subjectivism and institutions – Lachmann’s positions are the dominant […]

‘A Burthen Too Heavy For Humane Sufferance’: Locke on Reputation

STUART-BUTTLE, T. HISTORY OF POLITICAL THOUGHT, Volume 38, Number 4 Abstract: Locke emphasized that a concern for reputation powerfully shaped the individual’s conduct. Most scholarship suggests that Locke portrayed this phenomenon in negative terms. This article complicates this picture. A concern for reputation served a constructive role in Locke’s theory of social development, which offered a […]

About Liberty Review

Liberty Review summaries are selected by Liberty Fund Fellows on the basis both of their own research interests and of their relevance for Liberty Fund's mission: to contribute to the preservation and development of individual liberty through research and educational activities.

Print Issues

Liberty Matters

Our Books

Liberty Fund, Inc.

Liberty Fund, Inc. is a private, educational foundation established to encourage the study of the ideal of a society of free and responsible individuals. The Foundation develops, supervises, and finances its own educational activities.