Liberty Review América Latina

Classical Liberalism in Guatemala

ANDRÉS MARROQUÍN AND FRITZ THOMAS
ECON JOURNAL WATCH 12.3 (2015): 460-478

Abstract: We give an account of classical liberalism in Guatemala, its successes, failures, and main figures. Classical liberalism is a young tradition in the country and relatively small. The three most important organizations are Universidad Francisco Marroquín, the Center for Economic and Social Studies (CEES), and the Center for National Economic Research (CIEN). The most important individual for liberalism in Guatemala has been Manuel Ayau, who passed away in 2010.

Filed under: Ciencia Política, Economía, Historia, Sociedad

Venezuela: Without Liberals, There Is No Liberalism

HUGO J. FARIA AND LEONOR FILARDO
ECON JOURNAL WATCH 12.3 (2015): 375-399

Abstract: The Venezuelan economy evolved from a growth miracle (1920–1957) to a growth disaster (1960 to the present). This paper describes the institutional collapse behind this reversal of fortunes. To cast light on Venezuela’s U-turn we provide a brief historical account, and we discuss the role played by educational organizations, the media and culture, and political and entrepreneurial elites in the destruction of liberal institutions. We also describe the most prominent liberal reactions to the pervasive institutional decay endured by the country. Finally, a major lesson emerges from this case study: illiberal mindsets coupled with the absence of leadership bring dire consequences for the people’s standard of living.

Filed under: Ciencia Política, Economía, Historia, Sociedad

La Ciudadanía Política del Liberalismo: Límites y Alcances de un Proyecto Político Modernizador

ELÍAS GÓMEZ CONTERAS
CIENCIA POLÍTICA 11 (2011): 82-100

El período del federalismo en Colombia abarcó cerca de un cuarto de siglo y estuvo acompañado por un conjunto de reformas económicas, políticas y sociales orientadas por el liberalismo e implementadas desde el Estado, cuyo objetivo fundamental estuvo encaminado a superar las condiciones que le impedían al país alcanzar el desarrollo económico y la modernidad política. Parte de las reformas emprendidas estuvieron orientas a generar una mayor apertura de la economía al mercado internacional y a reducir el poder de la Iglesia Católica en los distintos ámbitos de la vida nacional. En su ideal de alcanzar la modernidad política, el liberalismo se preocupó por promover también la construcción de una sociedad secular, liberal e ilustrada, que garantizará los objetivos fundamentales propuestos y se convirtiera en garante de la defensa y continuidad del proyecto liberal. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar las vicisitudes del proyecto político modernizador del liberalismo, que tuvo como eje central la construcción de ciudadanos durante el radicalismo liberal. Si bien la ciudadanía se fue construyendo desde los marcos legales y las iniciativas del gobierno, fueron fundamentales también las ideas y los intereses de otros actores sociales involucrados como la Iglesia y los partidos políticos, así como la apropiación, el uso o el rechazo que establecieron, frente al proyecto modernizador, los distintos actores sociales.


								

Filed under: Filosofía, Historia, Religión, Sociedad

América Latina Archive

Recent Posts: Liberty Review

The efficiency of regulatory arbitrage

VLAD TARKO, ANDREW FARRANT PUBLIC CHOICE Abstract: Classic public choice skepticism about the regulatory state, based on theories of rent-seeking, rent extraction and regulatory capture, is based on the unrealistic, and usually unstated, assumption of a monopolist regulator. In practice, the regulatory state is polycentric, involving numerous quasi-independent agencies with overlapping responsibilities. This has led to […]

The physiological basis of psychological disgust and moral judgments

TRACY, J.L., STECKLER, C.M., & HELTZEL, G. JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Abstract: To address ongoing debates about whether feelings of disgust are causally related to moral judgments, we pharmacologically inhibited spontaneous disgust responses to moral infractions and examined effects on moral thinking. Findings demonstrated, first, that the antiemetic ginger (Zingiber officinale), known to inhibit […]

The age of mass migration in Latin America

BLANCA SÁNCHEZ‐ALONSO THE ECONOMIC HISTORY REVIEW Abstract: The experiences of Latin American countries are not fully incorporated into current debates concerning the age of mass migration, even though 13 million Europeans migrated to the region between 1870 and 1930. This survey draws together different aspects of the Latin America immigration experience. Its main objective is to […]

Locke, Nozick and the state of nature

JUSTIN P. BRUNER PHILOSOPHICAL STUDIES Abstract: Recently, philosophers have drawn on tools from game theory to explore behavior in Hobbes’ state of nature (Vanderschraaf in Econ Philos 22:243–279, 2006; Chung in J Am Philos Assoc 1:485–508, 2015). I take a similar approach and argue the Lockean state of nature is best conceived of as a conflictual […]

Resisting Moralisation in Health Promotion

REBECCA C. H. BROWN ETHICAL THEORY AND MORAL PRACTICE Abstract: Health promotion efforts are commonly directed towards encouraging people to discard ‘unhealthy’ and adopt ‘healthy’ behaviours in order to tackle chronic disease. Typical targets for behaviour change interventions include diet, physical activity, smoking and alcohol consumption, sometimes described as ‘lifestyle behaviours.’ In this paper, I discuss […]

Empatía y moralidad: las dimensiones psicológicas y filosóficas de una relación compleja

BELÉN ALTUNA REVISTA DE FILOSOFÍA Resumen: Para algunos la empatía es “el centro del universo moral”, mientras que para otros juega un papel secundario o, en todo caso, éticamente poco fiable. Acudiendo tanto a sus precursores filosóficos –como Hume y Smith–, como a sus investigadores contemporáneos en el campo de la psicología – como Hoffman y […]

Do dictatorships redistribute more?

PANTELIS KAMMAS, VASSILIS SARANTIDES JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE ECONOMICS Abstract: This paper examines the effect of political institutions on fiscal redistribution for a country-level panel from 1960–2010. Using data on Gini coefficients before and after government intervention, we apply a measure of effective fiscal redistribution that reflects the effect of taxes and transfers on income inequality. Our findings clearly […]

The People’s Perspective on Libertarian-Paternalistic Policies

AYALA ARAD, ARIEL RUBINSTEIN THE JOURNAL OF LAW AND ECONOMICS, Volume 61, Number 2 Abstract: We examine the views toward libertarian-paternalistic (soft) governmental interventions in a series of online experiments conducted in three countries. We use both standard and new methods to elicit attitudes toward soft interventions in various hypothetical scenarios. The majority of the participants […]

About Liberty Review

Liberty Review summaries are selected by Liberty Fund Fellows on the basis both of their own research interests and of their relevance for Liberty Fund's mission: to contribute to the preservation and development of individual liberty through research and educational activities.

Print Issues

Liberty Matters

Our Books

Liberty Fund, Inc.

Liberty Fund, Inc. is a private, educational foundation established to encourage the study of the ideal of a society of free and responsible individuals. The Foundation develops, supervises, and finances its own educational activities.