Liberty Review América Latina

Por Qué es Antidemocrática la Secesión

REVISTA DE FILOSOFÍA 40.1 (2015): 157-180

Abstract: Trataré de demostrar que la secesión es intrínsecamente antidemocrática. retomaremos los argumentos secesionistas: de aquellos que parten de una idea (errada) de autogobierno y de quienes lo hacen desde el liberalismo. Luego opondremos objeciones a ambos: defendiendo el valor de la igualdad; desmontando reivindicaciones instrumentales de homogeneidad interna; retomando las objeciones ya clásicas de Buchanan; y, finalmente, recomponiendo, con Habermas y Pogge, un concepto de autogobierno del cual derivaremos que no es legítimo trazar más fronteras y que la democracia demandaría eliminarlas, si fuera posible.

Filed under: Filosofía

La Tolerancia Liberal en la Obra de John Rawls y de Friedrich A. Hayek

ISEGORÍA 51 (2014): 649-670

Abstract: En la discusión actual sobre la tolerancia, la teoría política liberal predominante sigue muy ligada a los argumentos que ya se esgrimieron en el pasado en la discusión sobre la tolerancia religiosa. Como el desarrollo de la misma fue una de las raíces del liberalismo, muchos autores liberales asumen que la separación Iglesia/Estado proporciona el paradigma para abordar hoy otro tipo de diferencias. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Filosofía, Teoría Política

Tracing the Reversal of Fortune in the Americas: Bolivian GDP Per Capita since the Mid-nineteenth Century


Abstract: In the centuries before the Spanish conquest, the Bolivian space was among the most highly urbanized and complex societies in the Americas. In contrast, in the early twenty-first century, Bolivia is one of the poorest economies on the continent. According to Acemoglu et al. (Q J Econ 117(4):1231–1294, 2002), this disparity between precolonial opulence and current poverty would make Bolivia a perfect example of “reversal of fortune” (RF). This hypothesis, however, has been criticized for oversimplifying long-term development processes by “compressing” history (Austin in J Int Dev 20:996–1027, 2008). Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Economía, Historia

Pre-Independence Spanish Americans: Poor, Short and Unequal…Or the Opposite?


Abstract: This paper attempts to establish a debate between alternative views of living standards in Spanish America during the viceregal period. Since 2009, a growing literature has shared a «common language» based on a similar, though not identical, methodology. As never before, this «new generation» of studies is built upon long series of quantitative data and international comparisons of nominal wages and prices which, in some cases, cover the whole Early Modern Era. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Historia

Latin American Inequality: Colonial Origins, Commodity Booms, or a Missed 20th Century Leveling?

NBER WORKING PAPER NO. 20915 (January 2015)

Abstract: Most analysts of the modern Latin American economy have held the pessimistic belief in historical persistence — they believe that Latin America has always had very high levels of inequality, and that it’s the Iberian colonists’ fault. Thus, modern analysts see today a more unequal Latin America compared with Asia and most rich post-industrial nations and assume that this must always have been true. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Economía

Is Entrepreneurship a Channel of Social Mobility in Latin America?


This paper summarizes the findings in this special issue of the Latin American Journal of Economics on entrepreneurship’s role in upward social mobility in Latin America, especially for the middle class, often considered the cradle of entrepreneurship. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Economía

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Recent Posts: Liberty Review

Declining Willingness to Fight for One’s Country: The Individual-Level Basis of the Long Peace

 RONALD F. INGLEHART, BI PURANEN, CHRISTIAN WELZEL JOURNAL OF PEACE RESEARCH 52.4 (2015): 418-434 Abstract: The Democratic Peace thesis suggests that the absence of war between major powers since 1945 is caused by the spread of democracy. The Capitalist Peace thesis emphasizes trade and the rise of knowledge economies as the forces driving peace. Complementing these interpretations, […]

The Unifying Moral Dyad. Liberals and Conservatives Share the Same Harm-Based Moral Template

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Ian Carter’s Non-Evaluative Theory of Freedom and Diversity: A Critique

RONEN SHNAYDERMAN SOCIAL CHOICE AND WELFARE (2015). ADVANCED ONLINE PUBLICATION. DOI 10.1007/s00355-015-0902-7 Abstract: In recent decades there has been a growing interest in the issue of overall freedom-measurement. Consequently, two competing approaches to this issue have emerged: an evaluative approach and an empirical (non-evaluative) approach. Advocates of both approaches agree that one of the most important challenges that […]

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Markets without Symbolic Limits

JASON BRENNAN AND PETER MARTIN JAWORSKI ETHICS 125.4 (2015): 1053-1077 Abstract: Semiotic objections to commodification hold that buying and selling certain goods and services is wrong because of what market exchange communicates or because it violates the meaning of certain goods, services, and relationships. We argue that such objections fail. The meaning of markets and of […]

Republican Civic Virtue, Enlightened Self-interest and Tocqueville

JESSICA L. KIMPELL EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF POLITICAL THEORY 14.3 (2015): 345-367 Abstract: Tocqueville’s claim in Democracy in America about the link between associations and a vibrant public sphere is interpreted especially by neo-republicans in political theory as aligned with their argument that civic virtue can and ought to be fostered in today’s democracies. This paper challenges […]

Political Regimes and Currency Crises

DAVID A. STEINBERG, KARRIE J. KOESEL, AND NICOLAS W. THOMPSON ECONOMICS & POLITICS (2015). ADVANCED ONLINE PUBLICATION. DOI: 10.1111/ecpo.12060 Abstract: This paper examines the relationship between political regime type and currency crises. Some theories suggest that democratic regimes, owing to their greater political transparency and larger number of veto players, should have a lower risk of currency crisis […]

Notions of Order and Process in Hayek: the Significance of Emergence

PAUL LEWIS CAMBRIDGE JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS 39.4 (2015): 1167-1190 Abstract: This article explores the notions of order and process to which Friedrich Hayek subscribed. It is argued that a satisfactory understanding of Hayek’s conceptions of ‘order’ and ‘process’—and in particular a clear understanding of those how the two concepts relate to each other in his […]

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