Liberty Review América Latina

Por Qué es Antidemocrática la Secesión

MIKEL ARTETA
REVISTA DE FILOSOFÍA 40.1 (2015): 157-180

Abstract: Trataré de demostrar que la secesión es intrínsecamente antidemocrática. retomaremos los argumentos secesionistas: de aquellos que parten de una idea (errada) de autogobierno y de quienes lo hacen desde el liberalismo. Luego opondremos objeciones a ambos: defendiendo el valor de la igualdad; desmontando reivindicaciones instrumentales de homogeneidad interna; retomando las objeciones ya clásicas de Buchanan; y, finalmente, recomponiendo, con Habermas y Pogge, un concepto de autogobierno del cual derivaremos que no es legítimo trazar más fronteras y que la democracia demandaría eliminarlas, si fuera posible.

Filed under: Filosofía

La Tolerancia Liberal en la Obra de John Rawls y de Friedrich A. Hayek

PALOMA DE LA NUEZ
ISEGORÍA 51 (2014): 649-670

Abstract: En la discusión actual sobre la tolerancia, la teoría política liberal predominante sigue muy ligada a los argumentos que ya se esgrimieron en el pasado en la discusión sobre la tolerancia religiosa. Como el desarrollo de la misma fue una de las raíces del liberalismo, muchos autores liberales asumen que la separación Iglesia/Estado proporciona el paradigma para abordar hoy otro tipo de diferencias. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Filosofía, Teoría Política

Tracing the Reversal of Fortune in the Americas: Bolivian GDP Per Capita since the Mid-nineteenth Century

ALFONSO HERRANZ-LONCÁN, JOSÉ ALEJANDRO PERES-CAJÍAS
CLIOMETRICA (2015). ADVANCED ONLINE PUBLICATION. DOI
10.1007/s11698-015-0125-2

Abstract: In the centuries before the Spanish conquest, the Bolivian space was among the most highly urbanized and complex societies in the Americas. In contrast, in the early twenty-first century, Bolivia is one of the poorest economies on the continent. According to Acemoglu et al. (Q J Econ 117(4):1231–1294, 2002), this disparity between precolonial opulence and current poverty would make Bolivia a perfect example of “reversal of fortune” (RF). This hypothesis, however, has been criticized for oversimplifying long-term development processes by “compressing” history (Austin in J Int Dev 20:996–1027, 2008). Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Economía, Historia

Pre-Independence Spanish Americans: Poor, Short and Unequal…Or the Opposite?

RAFAEL DOBADO-GONZÁLEZ
REVISTA DE HISTORIA ECONÓMICA/JOURNAL OF IBERIAN AND LATIN AMERICAN ECONOMIC HISTORY (2015). ADVANCED ONLINE PUBLICATION. DOI: 10.1017/S0212610914000135

Abstract: This paper attempts to establish a debate between alternative views of living standards in Spanish America during the viceregal period. Since 2009, a growing literature has shared a «common language» based on a similar, though not identical, methodology. As never before, this «new generation» of studies is built upon long series of quantitative data and international comparisons of nominal wages and prices which, in some cases, cover the whole Early Modern Era. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Historia

Latin American Inequality: Colonial Origins, Commodity Booms, or a Missed 20th Century Leveling?

JEFFREY G. WILLIAMSON
NBER WORKING PAPER NO. 20915 (January 2015)

Abstract: Most analysts of the modern Latin American economy have held the pessimistic belief in historical persistence — they believe that Latin America has always had very high levels of inequality, and that it’s the Iberian colonists’ fault. Thus, modern analysts see today a more unequal Latin America compared with Asia and most rich post-industrial nations and assume that this must always have been true. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Economía

Is Entrepreneurship a Channel of Social Mobility in Latin America?

FRANCESCA CASTELLANI, EDUARDO LORA
LATIN AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS 51.2 (2014): 179-194

This paper summarizes the findings in this special issue of the Latin American Journal of Economics on entrepreneurship’s role in upward social mobility in Latin America, especially for the middle class, often considered the cradle of entrepreneurship. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Economía

América Latina Archive

Recent Posts: Liberty Review

Source Cues and Public Support for the Supreme Court

TOM S. CLARK, JONATHAN P. KASTELLEC AMERICAN POLITICS RESEARCH 43.3 (2015): 504-535 Abstract: It is well known that the public often relies on cues or heuristics when forming opinions. At the same time, leading theories of opinion formation about the Supreme Court see such support as relatively fixed. Using a series of survey experiments, we […]

The Ethics of Legislative Vote Trading

JOHN THRASHER POLITICAL STUDIES (2015). ADVANCED ONLINE PUBLICATION. DOI: 10.1111/1467-9248.12205 Abstract: It is argued in this article that legislative vote trading by representatives is both ethically permissible and may be ethically required in many cases. This conclusion is an implication of a thin, general account of representation that requires representatives to vote on the basis of the […]

Against ‘Permanent Sovereignty’ Over Natural Resources

CHRIS ARMSTRONG POLITICS, PHILOSOPHY AND ECONOMICS 14.2 (2015): 129-151 Abstract: The doctrine of permanent sovereignty over natural resources is a hugely consequential one in the contemporary world, appearing to grant nation-states both jurisdiction-type rights and rights of ownership over the resources to be found in their territories. But the normative justification for that doctrine is far […]

‘Happy to Have Been of Service’: The Yale Archive as a Window into the Engaged Followership of Participants in Milgram’s ‘Obedience’ Experiments

S. ALEXANDER HASLAM, STEPHEN D. REICHER, KATHRYN MILLARD, AND RACHAEL McDONALD BRITISH JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY 51.4 (2015): 55-83 Abstract: This study examines the reactions of participants in Milgram’s ‘Obedience to Authority’ studies to reorient both theoretical and ethical debate. Previous discussion of these reactions has focused on whether or not participants were distressed. We provide […]

Political Entrenchment and Public Law

DARYL J. LEVINSON, BENJAMIN I. SACHS YALE LAW JOURNAL (Forthcoming 2015) Abstract: Courts and legal scholars have long been concerned with the problem of “entrenchment” — the ways that incumbents insulate themselves and their favored policies from the normal processes of democratic change. But this wide swath of caselaw and scholarship has focused nearly exclusively on […]

The Effect of State Taxes on the Geographical Location of Top Earners: Evidence from Star Scientists

ENRICO MORETTI, DANIEL WILSON NBER WORKING PAPER NO. 21120 (April 2015) Abstract: Using data on the universe of U.S. patents filed between 1976 and 2010, we quantify how sensitive is migration by star scientist to changes in personal and business tax differentials across states. We uncover large, stable, and precisely estimated effects of personal and corporate […]

Libertarianism and the Charitable Tax Subsidies

MIRANDA FLEISCHER BOSTON COLLEGE LAW REVIEW 56 (Forthcoming 2015) Abstract: Tax scholarship is largely silent about the interaction between libertarian principles and the structure of our tax system. If all taxation is indeed slavery, as Nozick suggested, why bother analyzing libertarianism for insights into our tax system? This dismissal, however, ignores the diversity of libertarian thought. To […]

Are Immigrants a Shot in the Arm for the Local Economy?

GIHOON HONG, JOHN McLAREN NBER WORKING PAPER NO. 21123 (April 2015) Abstract: Most research on the effects of immigration focuses on the effects of immigrants as adding to the supply of labor. By contrast, this paper studies the effects of immigrants on local labor demand, due to the increase in consumer demand for local services created […]

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