Liberty Review América Latina

Por Qué es Antidemocrática la Secesión

REVISTA DE FILOSOFÍA 40.1 (2015): 157-180

Abstract: Trataré de demostrar que la secesión es intrínsecamente antidemocrática. retomaremos los argumentos secesionistas: de aquellos que parten de una idea (errada) de autogobierno y de quienes lo hacen desde el liberalismo. Luego opondremos objeciones a ambos: defendiendo el valor de la igualdad; desmontando reivindicaciones instrumentales de homogeneidad interna; retomando las objeciones ya clásicas de Buchanan; y, finalmente, recomponiendo, con Habermas y Pogge, un concepto de autogobierno del cual derivaremos que no es legítimo trazar más fronteras y que la democracia demandaría eliminarlas, si fuera posible.

Filed under: Filosofía

La Tolerancia Liberal en la Obra de John Rawls y de Friedrich A. Hayek

ISEGORÍA 51 (2014): 649-670

Abstract: En la discusión actual sobre la tolerancia, la teoría política liberal predominante sigue muy ligada a los argumentos que ya se esgrimieron en el pasado en la discusión sobre la tolerancia religiosa. Como el desarrollo de la misma fue una de las raíces del liberalismo, muchos autores liberales asumen que la separación Iglesia/Estado proporciona el paradigma para abordar hoy otro tipo de diferencias. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Filosofía, Teoría Política

Tracing the Reversal of Fortune in the Americas: Bolivian GDP Per Capita since the Mid-nineteenth Century


Abstract: In the centuries before the Spanish conquest, the Bolivian space was among the most highly urbanized and complex societies in the Americas. In contrast, in the early twenty-first century, Bolivia is one of the poorest economies on the continent. According to Acemoglu et al. (Q J Econ 117(4):1231–1294, 2002), this disparity between precolonial opulence and current poverty would make Bolivia a perfect example of “reversal of fortune” (RF). This hypothesis, however, has been criticized for oversimplifying long-term development processes by “compressing” history (Austin in J Int Dev 20:996–1027, 2008). Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Economía, Historia

Pre-Independence Spanish Americans: Poor, Short and Unequal…Or the Opposite?


Abstract: This paper attempts to establish a debate between alternative views of living standards in Spanish America during the viceregal period. Since 2009, a growing literature has shared a «common language» based on a similar, though not identical, methodology. As never before, this «new generation» of studies is built upon long series of quantitative data and international comparisons of nominal wages and prices which, in some cases, cover the whole Early Modern Era. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Historia

Latin American Inequality: Colonial Origins, Commodity Booms, or a Missed 20th Century Leveling?

NBER WORKING PAPER NO. 20915 (January 2015)

Abstract: Most analysts of the modern Latin American economy have held the pessimistic belief in historical persistence — they believe that Latin America has always had very high levels of inequality, and that it’s the Iberian colonists’ fault. Thus, modern analysts see today a more unequal Latin America compared with Asia and most rich post-industrial nations and assume that this must always have been true. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Economía

Is Entrepreneurship a Channel of Social Mobility in Latin America?


This paper summarizes the findings in this special issue of the Latin American Journal of Economics on entrepreneurship’s role in upward social mobility in Latin America, especially for the middle class, often considered the cradle of entrepreneurship. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Economía

América Latina Archive

Recent Posts: Liberty Review

Liberty and Compulsory Civil Religion in Rousseau’s Social Contract

CHARLES L. GRISWOLD JOURNAL OF THE HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY 53.2 (2015): 271-300 Abstract: This essay examines Rousseau’s mandatory civil religion as it is set out in the Social Contract, with recent relevant philosophical work as a primary frame of reference.

Red and Blue States of Mind: Partisan Hostility and Voting in the United States

PATRICK R. MILLER, PAMELA JOHNSTON CONOVER POLITICAL RESEARCH QUARTERLY 68.2 (2015): 225-239 Abstract: Based on social comparison and social identity theory, we argue that average partisans in contemporary U.S. politics view elections as group competitions in which partisan identities are at stake. Using nationally representative survey data, we demonstrate that stronger partisan identities, more than ideological identities […]

The Egalitarian Species

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Does Immigration Impact Institutions?

J. R. CLARK, ROBERT LAWSON, ALEX NOWRASTEH, BENJAMIN POWELL, RYAN MURPHY PUBLIC CHOICE 163: 3-4 (2015): 321-335 Abstract: The economics literature generally finds a positive, but small, gain in income to native-born populations from immigrants and potentially large gains in world incomes. But immigrants can also impact a recipient nation’s institutions. A growing empirical literature supports […]

Five Laws of Politics

ALFRED G. CUZÁN PS: POLITICAL SCIENCE & POLITICS 48.3 (2015): 415-419 Abstract: Drawing on more than 500 elections from around the world, this article presents five empirical laws of politics. Four of these laws span democracies and dictatorships, and one sets a boundary between the two.

Partisan Conflict and Private Investment

MARINA AZZIMONTI NBER WORKING PAPER NO. 21273 (2015) Abstract: American politics have been characterized by a high degree of partisan conflict in recent years. Combined with a divided government, this has led not only to significant Congressional gridlock, but also to spells of high fiscal policy uncertainty. The unusually slow recovery from the Great Recession during […]

Welfare, Autonomy, and the Autonomy Fallacy

DALE DORSEY PACIFIC PHILOSOPHICAL QUARTERLY 96.2 (2015): 141-164 Abstract: In this article, I subject the claim that autonomous choice is an intrinsic welfare benefit to critical scrutiny. My argument begins by discussing perhaps the most influential argument in favor of the intrinsic value of autonomy: the argument from deference.

Debt into Growth: How Sovereign Debt Accelerated the First Industrial Revolution

JAUME VENTURE, HANS-JOACHIM VOTH NBER WORKING PAPER N0. 21280 (JUNE 2015) Abstract: Why did the country that borrowed the most industrialize first? Earlier research has viewed the explosion of debt in 18th century Britain as either detrimental, or as neutral for economic growth. In this paper, we argue instead that Britain’s borrowing boom was beneficial.

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