Liberty Review América Latina

Tráfico de Drogas, Políticas de Disuasión y Violencia en México

LENIN ARANGO CASTILLO
ESTUDIOS ECONÓMICOS 26.2 (2011): 157-185

Este artículo analizan los niveles de violencia generados por la aplicación de políticas de disuasión del crimen en un mercado oligopólico y en economía cerrada. Primero se analiza la política de tolerancia, en la cual las organizaciones criminales seleccionan el nivel de violencia necesario para permanecer en el mercado de drogas. Posteriormente, se analiza la política de combate contra las organizaciones criminales, donde los resultados muestran que ésta reduce el número de organizaciones criminales, aumenta los beneficios de las organizaciones que permanecen en el mercado, y eleva la producción de drogas y la violencia. De acuerdo a este análisis, el artículo concluye que la política actual en México en contra de los cárteles de droga es la menos indicada debido a los niveles de violencia que ésta genera. La política de tolerancia aplicada anteriormente no generaba niveles de violencia comparables con los de la actual política.

 


								

Filed under: Ciencia Política, Economía

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